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Vision Issues

In the years after you turn 60, a number of eye diseases may develop that can change your vision permanently. The earlier these problems are detected and treated, the more likely you can retain good vision.


A cataract is a cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending upon its size and location, it can interfere with normal vision. Most cataracts develop in people over age 55.

Cataracts: Information from the National Library of Medicine

Cataracts Basic Facts & Information: Information from and the American Geriatrics Society

Cataract Surgery: Information from the American Optometric Association


Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye’s optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of your eye. That extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve.

Glaucoma: Information from the National Library of Medicine

What Is Glaucoma: Information from the American Academy of Ophthalmology

Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with your retina. It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. With AMD you lose your central vision. You cannot see fine details, whether you are looking at something close or far. But your peripheral (side) vision will still be normal.

Macular Degeneration: Information from the Library of Medicine

What Is Macular Degeneration?: Information from the American Academy of Ophthalmology 


Age-Related Hearing Loss

Age-related hearing loss, or presbycusis, is the slow loss of hearing that occurs as we get older. There is no known single cause of age-related hearing loss. Most commonly, it is caused by changes in the inner ear that occur as you grow older. Your genes and loud noise (from rock concerts or music headphones) may play a large role.

What Is Age-Related Hearing Loss?: Information from the National Institute on Deafness 

Hearing Loss Basic Facts & Information: Information from

Hearing Loss-A Common Problem for Older Adults: Information from the National Institute on Aging

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